Thursday, 18 April 2013

Lesson 21

Parts of Speech - Pronouns

A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun or a group of words used as a noun. Pronouns are classified in five (5) different categories. They are personal pronouns, relative pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, indefinite pronouns, and interrogative pronouns. Some pronouns can appear in more than one classification. The way in which a pronoun is classified depends on how it is used in a sentence. In the next two weeks we will study the five kinds of pronouns.

Personal pronouns refer to (1) the speaker or speakers, which is called first person, and include the following pronouns: I, my, mine, me, myself, we, our, ours, us, ourselves; (2) those spoken to, which is called second person, and include the following pronouns: you, your, yours, yourself, yourselves; or (3) those spoken about, which is called third person, and includes the following pronouns: he, his, him, himself, she, her, hers, herself, it, its, itself, they, their, theirs, them, themselves. Personal pronouns can be singular (one) or plural (two or more) just as verbs and nouns.

Instructions: Find the personal pronouns in these sentences.

1. She hit him on his head.

2. I saw you at your store.

3. He himself will be our new friend.

4. It will be hard for me to see you.

5. They always get angry at her and me.


1. She, him, his

2. I, you, your

3. He, himself, our

4. It, me, you

5. They, her, me

Lesson 22

Parts of Speech - Pronouns

The word for which the pronoun stands is called its antecedent. It may be in the same sentence, in a previous sentence, or not given at all. An example would be The boy threw the football. He threw it over the fence. Boy is the antecedent for he, and football is the antecedent for it. A pronoun can be an antecedent for another pronoun. He likes his new car. He is the antecedent for his. The antecedent always comes before the pronoun for which it is the antecedent.

Instructions: Pick out the pronouns and their antecedents in these sentences.

1. He ran after his dad.

2. Jennie wanted her doll for bedtime.

3. The rabbit hopped into its hole.

4. They will help you with your work themselves.

5. The teacher gave us homework every day, and she made our lives miserable.


1. He is the antecedent for his.

2. Jennie is the antecedent for her.

3. Rabbit is the antecedent for its.

4. They is the antecedent for themselves, and you is the antecedent for your.

5. Teacher is the antecedent for she, and us is the antecedent for our.

Lesson 23

Parts of Speech - Pronouns

Some personal pronouns are called possessives because they show whose something is. They are the following pronouns: my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, their, and theirs. An example would be The money is mine. Mine tells whose money it is.

Instructions: Find the possessive pronouns in the following sentences.

1. The new car is his.

2. Yours will be here tomorrow.

3. I like theirs best.

4. Should we go for a ride in his or hers.


1. his

2. yours

3. theirs

4. his, hers

Lesson 24

Parts of Speech - Pronouns

The personal pronouns myself, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves are compound personal pronouns combining the personal pronoun with self or selves. They are used as reflexive pronouns. Carl hurt himself is an example of a reflexive pronoun.

Instructions: Find the reflexive pronouns in these sentences.

1. I should understand myself better.

2. Ann bought herself two new hamsters.

3. They can't help themselves.

4. The boy cut himself on the broken glass.


1. myself

2. herself

3. themselves

4. himself 

Lesson 25

Parts of Speech - Pronouns

The personal pronouns myself, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, and themselves can also be used as intensive pronouns. An example would be Carl himself won the race.

Instructions: Find the intensive pronouns in these sentences.

1. We ourselves went to the movie.

2. The man himself wrestled the alligator.

3. Jeanne herself gave us the gift.

4. They themselves had played until dark.


1. ourselves

2. himself

3. herself

4. themselves

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