Monday, 27 May 2013

IELTS 4000 Academic Word List (11)

mackintosh: waterproof long coat made of rubberized cloth

magic: any art that invokes supernatural powers

magician: one who performs magic tricks to amuse an audience; sorcerer; wizard

magistrate: civil officer with power to administer and enforce law

magnetic: having the properties of attracting iron or steel; captivating; attractive; being to draw or pull

magnetism: attraction for iron; associated with electric currents as well as magnets

magnificent: grand or noble in thought or deed; outstanding of its kind

magnify: intensify; increase; make greater in size; enlarge

magnitude: extent; greatness of rank, size, or position

maintain: keep in any particular state or condition; keep up or carry on; continue

maintenance: preservation; support; continuance; court-ordered support paid by one spouse to another

maize: tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears

majesty: nobility; greatness and dignity of a sovereign; royal personage

major: greater in number, quantity, or extent; more important

majority: greater number or part; a number more than half of the total

malady: disease, disorder, or ailment; unwholesome condition

malaise: general sense of depression or unease; vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at beginning of illness

malice: enmity of heart; malevolence; ill will; spirit delighting in harm or misfortune to another

malicious: deliberately harmful; spiteful; proceeding from extreme hatred

manifest: clearly apparent to understanding; obvious

manifestation: revelation; indication of the existence, reality, or presence of something

manifesto: public declaration of principles; statement of policy

manipulate: operate with one's hands; control or play upon people, forces artfully

mansion: dwelling-house of the better class; a large or stately residence

manual: guide book; hand-operated

manufacture: make products by hand or machinery; make from raw materials

manuscript: written with or by the hand; not printed; literary or musical composition written with the hand

map: depict as if on a map; plan or delineate, especially in detail; arrange

maple: tree of the genus Acer, including about fifty species

marble: hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish

march: walking with regular steps; a procession of people walking together; steady advance

margin: border; rim; room

marginal: of or pertaining to a margin; written or printed in the margin

marine: sea-dwelling; maritime; naval

mariner: one whose occupation is to assist in navigating ships; seaman or sailor

marked: noticeable or pronounced; having one or more distinguishing marks

marsh: swamp; bog; low lying wet land with grassy vegetation

marshal: put in order; arrange or place something in line

martyr: one who makes great sacrifices or suffers to further belief or principle; one who endures great suffering

marvel: wonder; strong surprise; astonishment

masculine: of the male sex; not female; having the qualities of a man

mask: try to conceal something; disguise; hide under a false appearance

massacre: killing of a considerable number of human beings under circumstances of atrocity or cruelty

massive: enormous; colossal; consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of matter

mast: fruit of the oak and beech, or other forest trees; nuts; acorns; a pole, or long, strong, round piece of timber, or spar, set upright in a boat or vessel, to sustain the sails, yards, rigging

masterpiece: chief excellence or great talent; outstanding work of art or craft

match: something that resembles or harmonizes with

mate: a fellow member of a team

material: of, relating to, or composed of matter; concerned with physical, not from intellectual or spiritual

materialism: philosophical theory that matter is the only reality

mathematics: science dealing with the logic of quantity and shape

mattress: quilted bed; bed stuffed with hair, moss, or other suitable material, and quilted or otherwise fastened

mature: develop and reach maturity; grow old or older

maturity: state or quality of being mature; ripeness; full development; arrival of the time fixed for payment

maximum: the largest possible quantity

meadow: tract of low or level land producing grass; any field on which grass is grown for hay

measure: determine the size of something; mark, lay out, or establish dimensions; estimate by evaluation or comparison

mechanical: automatic; monotonous; relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanics

mechanics: branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodies

mechanism: device; machine; the technical aspects of doing something

medal: a piece of metal in form of coin, and intended to preserve remembrance of notable event or person, or to serve as a reward

medieval: very old-fashioned; as if belonging to the Middle Ages

meditate: dwell on anything in thought; think seriously; keep the mind fixed upon; purpose; intend

meditation: lengthy intent consideration; long and thoughtful observation; contemplation of spiritual matters

medium: state that is intermediate between extremes

meek: quiet and obedient; showing patience and humility

melancholy: gloomy; feeling of thoughtful sadness; affected by depression

melody: tune; pleasing succession or arrangement of sounds; poem suitable for setting to music or singing

melon: juicy fruit of certain cucurbitaceous plants, as the muskmelon, watermelon; plant that produces the fruit juicy

melt: changed from a solid to a liquid state especially by the application of heat

memo: short note; memorandum; written proposal or reminder

memorial: monument; short note or abstract, intended for registry, exhibiting the particulars of a deed

memorize: commemorate; commit to memory; learn by heart

memory: faculty of mind by which it retains the knowledge of previous thoughts, impressions, or events

menace: danger; a threat or the act of threatening; something that is a source of danger; threaten; intimidate

mend: make repairs or restoration to; fix; improve

mental: involving mind or intellectual process; affected by disorder of mind

mentality: mental action or power; intellectual activity; intellectuality

mention: speak or notice of anything, usually in a brief or cursory manner

menu: an agenda of things to do

mercantile: trading; commercial; of or relating to trade or traders

merchandise: objects for sale; goods

merchant: one who traffics on a large scale, especially with foreign countries; trafficker; trader

mercy: compassionate treatment of unfortunate and helpless; willingness to spare or to help; disposition to be kind

mere: being nothing more than what is specified; considered apart from anything else; small; slight

merge: combine; unite

merit: virtue; admirable quality or attribute; credit

mermaid: legendary sea creature having the head and upper body of a woman and the tail of a fish

mesh: opening or space inclosed by the threads of a net between knot and knot; network or net

mess: soft semi liquid food; a quantity of food set on a table at one time; provision of food for one meal

metallic: of or pertaining to metal; of metal nature; resembling metal

method: orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anything

methodology: system of methods followed in a particular discipline

meticulous: excessively careful; marked by extreme care in treatment of details

metric: relating to measurement; involving, or proceeding by measurement.

metropolitan: city center; one who lives in a city center

microscope: magnifier of the image of small objects

microwave: a short electromagnetic wave; cook or heat in a microwave oven

mighty: having or showing great strength or force or intensity

migrant: habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work; wandering

migrate: move from one country or region to another and settle there

migration: movement of persons from one country or locality to another

milestone: landmark; significant development

military: pertaining to soldiers, to arms, or to war; of whole body of soldiers

milk: white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their young

miller: one who keeps or attends a flour mill or gristmill; milling machine

millionaire: one whose material wealth is valued at more than a million dollars

mince: cut into very small pieces; chop fine; suppress or weaken the force of

mingle: be all mixed up or jumbled together;

miniature: very small; model that represents something in a greatly reduced size

minimize: diminish; belittle; make small or insignificant

minimum: the smallest possible quantity

minister: one who performs service for another; officer of justice; executive head of a government department

ministry: act of serving; government department, at the administrative level normally headed by a minister

minor: of lesser importance or stature or rank; not of legal age; limited in size or scope

minority: a group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger group

minus: less; requiring to be subtracted; negative

minute: extremely small; short note

miracle: wonderful thing; something that excites admiration or astonishment

miraculous: astonishing; amazing

miscarriage: failure of administration or management; failure to attain a desired result or reach a destination

mischief: behavior that causes discomfiture or annoyance in another; tendency to play pranks or cause embarrassment

miserable: very unhappy; full of misery; wretched

misery: great unhappiness; extreme pain of body or mind

misfortune: bad fortune or ill luck; bad luck

misgiving: feeling of doubt, distrust, or apprehension

mishap: unfortunate accident; bad luck

mislead: deceive; misguide

missile: weapon that is thrown or projected; rocket carrying instruments or warhead

mission: assignment that is given to a person or group; operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters; job; task

mist: visible watery vapor suspended in atmosphere, at or near the surface of the earth; fog

moan: a low prolonged sound of grief or pain, whether articulate or not; groan softly and continuously

mobile: movable; not fixed; fluid; unstable

mobilize: assemble, prepare, or put into operation for or as if for war; make mobile or capable of movement

mock: treat with ridicule or contempt; mimic; frustrate hopes of

mode: prevailing style; manner; way of doing something; fashion or style

moderate: temperate; gentle; mild; make less fast or intense ; preside over

modest: humble; less ambitious; moderate

modification: act of modifying, or state of being modified; modified form or condition; a change

modify: alter; change

modulate: tone down in intensity; regulate; change from one key to another

module: standard or unit of measurement; self-contained component of a system; unit of education covering a single topic

moist: slightly wet; damp or humid

moisture: wetness caused by water

molecular: of molecules; relating to simple or basic structure or form

molecule: the smallest particle of substance, having all the properties of that substance

momentary: done in a moment; continuing only a moment; lasting a very short time

momentous: very important; of outstanding significance or consequence

monarch: king; sole and absolute ruler; sovereign, such as a king or empress

monastery: house of religious retirement, or of seclusion from ordinary temporal concerns, especially for monks

monetary: of or relating to money; nation's currency; financial

monitor: observe; watch; keep an eye on

monopolize: dominate; occupy; have and control fully and exclusively

monopoly: exclusive control or possession of something; domination

monotonous: boring; dull; tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

monotony: uniformity or lack of variation; continual increase, or continual decrease; tedium as a result of repetition

monster: beast; ugly creature; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful

monstrous: marvelous; strange; extraordinary on account of ugliness, viciousness, or wickedness

monument: structure erected to commemorate persons or events; memorial

monumental: massive; taking a great amount of time and effort to complete; in manner of a monument

moor: dark-colored person generally; broad area of open land, often high but poorly drained

morale: confidence; mood or spirit of a group that makes the members wants the group to succeed

morality: set of social rules, customs, traditions, beliefs, or practices which specify proper, acceptable forms of conduct

moreover: beyond what has been said; further; besides; in addition; furthermore; also; likewise

mortal: man, human being; liable or subject to death; accompanying death

motel: motor hotel; lodging rooms adjacent to a parking lot

motion: movement; act of changing location; ability or power to move

motionless: at rest, stationary, immobile, not moving

motivate: stimulate; impel; provide with an incentive; move to action

motivation: incentive; psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal

motive: emotion, desire, physiological need; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior

motto: short, suggestive expression of a guiding principle; maxim

mould: crumbling, soft, friable earth; soil

mount: go up or advance; fix onto a backing; put up or launch

mourn: express or to feel grief or sorrow; grieve; be sorrowful

mournful: feeling or expressing sorrow or grief; sad; gloomy

mourning: expression of deep sorrow because someone has died

moustache: hair growing on the human upper lip, especially when cultivated and groomed

mouth: opening through which an animal receives food; aperture between jaws or between lips

movement: act of moving; change of place or posture; transference, by any means, from one situation to another

muffle: bare end of nose between nostrils

muffler: heavy scarf worn around the neck for warmth; anything used in muffling; part of the exhaust pipe of a car that dampens the noise

multiple: having, or consisting of more than one part; many

multiply: proliferate; increase; combine by multiplication

multitude: a great number; many

municipal: metropolitan; civic; having local self-government

murmur: make low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running water

muscular: having or suggesting great physical power; of or relating to or consisting of muscle

muse: be absorbed in one's thoughts; consider or say thoughtfully

mushroom: multiply, grow, or expand rapidly

mute: refraining from producing speech or vocal sound; unable to speak; expressed without speech; unspoken

mutton: sheep; flesh of a sheep; loose woman; prostitute

mutual: common to or shared by two or more parties; shared

myriad: of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand

mysterious: beyond ordinary understanding

myth: legend; fable; a traditional story accepted as history

mythology: study of myths; collection of myths

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