Monday, 27 May 2013

IELTS 4000 Academic Word List (4)

dagger: knife; short pointed weapon with sharp edges

dainty: delicately beautiful or charming; exquisite; gratification or pleasure taken in anything

dairy: place where milk is produced, kept, or converted into butter or cheese

dam: barrier to prevent the flow of liquid, especially built across a water course

damp: humid; moist; slightly wet

dangerous: full of risk; perilous; hazardous; unsafe

daring: bold; brave

dart: move suddenly and rapidly

dash: throw with violence or haste; break, as by throwing or by collision; form or sketch rapidly

data: collection of facts, observations, or other information related to a particular question or problem

date: mark the time of; assign a date to

dawn: time each morning at which daylight first begins; beginning; start

dazzle: overpower with light; confuse the sight of by brilliance of light; bewilder or surprise with brilliancy

dazzling: bright; brilliant

deadly: fatal; lethal; causing or tending to cause death

deaf: unable to perceive sounds; hard of hearing; unwilling to hear or listen; regardless; not to be persuaded

deal: part or portion; share; indefinite quantity, degree, or extent, degree, or extent; distribution; arrangement

dean: dignitary or presiding officer; head in the faculty of some colleges or universities

debate: discussion; dispute; discussion involving opposing points

debt: liability; obligation; money or goods or services owed by one person to another

decade: a group or division of ten, especially a period of ten years

decay: decompose; break sown; disintegration; rottenness; decline; worsen; decadence

deceit: attempt or disposition to deceive or lead into error; any declaration, artifice, or practice, which misleads another, or causes him to believe what is false

deceive: fool; cause to believe what is not true; mislead

decent: suitable; modest.; honorable; meeting accepted standards

deception: act of deceiving

decimal: of tens; numbered or proceeding by tens; based on ten

deck: a pack of 52 cards; any of various floor-like platforms built into a vessel

declaration: announcement; explicit statement; formal public statement

declare: state clearly; make known formally or officially

decline: change toward something smaller or lower ; gradual falling off from a better state

decompose: decay

decorate: adorn; embellish

decoration: act of decorating something; something used to beautify

decorative: ornamental; embellishing; serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose

decrease: lessen; reduce; make a quantity smaller

decree: order from one having authority; decision, order, or sentence by court

dedicate: set apart; devoted; consecrated

deduce: lead forth; reach a conclusion by reasoning; trace the origin or derivation of

deduct: lead forth or out; take away, separate, or remove, in numbering, estimating, or calculating; subtract

deed: something that is carried out; act or action; feat or exploit

deem: decide; judge; sentence; condemn

default: failure to act; an option that is selected automatically

defeat: disfigure; destroy; frustrate; overcome or vanquish; resist with

defect: abandon or turn against; cease or change one's loyalty

defective: having a defect; faulty; imperfect; incomplete; lacking

defence: act of defending against attack, danger, or injury

defend: make or keep safe from danger, attack, or harm

defer: delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time

defiance: refusal to yield; readiness to contend or resist

deficiency: scarcity; lack or shortage, especially of something essential to health

deficient: inadequate; lacking an essential quality or element

deficit: inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortage

define: determine the nature of; give a definition; describe the nature or basic qualities of; explain

definite: fixed; exact; having distinct limits

definitely: unequivocally; clearly; without question and beyond doubt

definition: clarity of outline; concise explanation

definitive: final; complete; precisely defined or explicit

deflate: reduce from an inflated condition; release contained air or gas from

deflect: turn aside; draw someone's attention away from something

deform: change shape by stress; become misshapen; make formless

deformation: alteration in the shape or dimensions; a change for the worse

defray: paycosts of; undertake payment of; make compensation to or for

defy: renounce or dissolve all bonds of affiance, faith, or obligation with; provoke to combat or strife

degradation: humiliation; debasement; decline to a lower condition, quality, or level

degrade: reduce level; lower grade of something

delay: act later than planned; put off; adjournment

delegate: person authorized to act as representative for another; deputy

delete: erase; strike out; remove or make invisible

deliberate: consider; think about carefully; weigh

deliberately: intentionally; purposely; with careful consideration or deliberation; with full intent;

delicate: pleasing to the senses, especially in a subtle way; easily hurt; very subtle in difference

delicious: extremely pleasing to the sense of taste; greatly pleasing or entertaining

delinquency: failure or omission of duty; fault; misdeed; offense or crime

delinquent: failing in duty; offending by neglect of duty.

deliver: set free from restraint; set at liberty; release; give or transfer

delusion: false belief; mistaken or unfounded opinion

democracy: a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

demolish: raze; destroy; do away with completely; put an end to

demolition: act of overthrowing, pulling down, or destroying

demonstrate: show clearly and deliberately; manifest; confirm; prove

demonstration: proof; act of showing or making evident

denial: act of refusing or disowning; negation; refusal to admit the truth; refusal to grant; rejection of a request

denomination: class, society, or collection of individuals called by the same name; specifically, a religious sect

denote: indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

denounce: condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner

dense: thick; crowded closely together; compact

density: thickness; quantity of something per unit measure, especially per unit length, area, or volume

dent: cavity; a depression scratched or carved into a surface

dentist: a person qualified to practice dentistry

deny: disagree with; refuse; declare untrue

depart: take off; leave; set out

departure: act of departing

dependable: reliable; worthy of being depended on; trustworthy

dependence: reliance; lack of independence or self-sufficiency

dependent: relying on or requiring the aid of another for support

depict: represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe

deplete: decrease fullness of; use up or empty out

deposit: money given as a guarantee or security

deposition: testimony under oath; act of depositing, especially laying down of matter by natural process

depreciate: lessen price or value of; think or speak of as being of little worth; belittle

depreciation: devaluation; decrease in price or value

depress: lower in spirits; press down

depressed: sad; gloomy; low in spirits; dejected

depression: recession; economic slump; concavity in a surface produced by pressing ; sadness; low spirits

deprive: deny; take away

deputy: one appointed as the substitute of another, and empowered to act for him; substitute in office

derive: obtain or receive from a source; trace the origin or development of

descend: move downward and lower; come from; be connected by a relationship of blood

descendant: offspring; person considered as descended from some ancestor or race

descent: ancestry; origin; the descendants of one individual; drop; fall; a movement downward

description: act of describing; sketch or account of anything in words

desert: area with little or no vegetation; forsake; abandon

deserve: be worthy of; have a right to

design: act of working out the form of something; creation of something in the mind; formulate a plan for

designate: indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to

desirable: worthwhile; worth doing or achieving; advisable

desire: anything which is longing for

desolate: unpopulated; providing no shelter or sustenance; devoid of inhabitants

despair: loss of hope; utter hopelessness; complete despondency

desperate: having lost all hope; dangerous; extremely intense

despise: dislike intensely; regard with contempt or scorn

despite: lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike; disdain, contemptuous feelings, hatred

dessert: a dish served as the last course of meal

destination: ultimate goal; place to which one is going or directed

destine: decree or designate beforehand; fate

destiny: event that will inevitably happen in the future

destruction: havoc; event that completely destroys something

destructive: devastating; ruinous

detach: part; separate or disunite; disengage

detain: keep back or from; withhold; restrain from proceeding; stay or stop; delay

detect: feel; discover the presence of; identify

detection: act of detecting; being open what was concealed or hidden; discovery

detective: investigator; one, usually of police force, who investigates crimes and obtains evidence

deteriorate: become worse; decline

determination: act of making or arriving at a decision; putting an end to; termination

determine: fix the boundaries of; mark off and separate; set bounds to; decide conclusively and authoritatively

detour: a turning; circuitous route; deviation from a direct course

detriment: harm; damage; injury; something that causes damage, harm, or loss

detrimental: causing damage or harm; injurious

deviate: turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge

device: technique or means; instrument; machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasks

devise: form, plan, or arrange in the mind; transmit or give by will

devote: dedicate; contribute

devotion: faithfulness; ardent, often selfless affection and dedication

devour: consume; eat greedily; destroy completely

diagnose: analyze; examine; identify

diagnosis: art of identifying disease; critical analysis of nature of something

diagram: graph; chart; figure or drawing made to illustrate a statement; plan

dialect: vocabulary that is for a specific group of people

diameter: length of straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference

dictate: prescribe; rule as a dictator

dictator: one who dictates; one who prescribes rules and maxims authoritatively for the direction of others.

diction: choice and use of words in speech or writing

diet: nutritional plan; nourishment; a prescribed selection of foods

differ: be or stand apart; disagree; be unlike; be distinguished

digest: break down; make more concise; convert food into absorbable substances

digestion: process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed and assimilated by the body

digital: of or performance to fingers, or to digits; done with the fingers

dignity: quality or state of being worthy of esteem or respect.

diligent: assiduous; industrious; hard-working

dilute: weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

dim: emitting only a small amount of light; lacking in brightness

dime: a United States coin worth one tenth of a dollar

dimension: measure of spatial extent, especially width, height, or length; size; aspect; element

dimensional: of or relating to dimensions

diminish: dwindle; reduce; make smaller or less or to cause to appear so

dine: eat principal regular meal of the day; take dinner; give a dinner to

dingy: darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored

dip: insert into a fluid and withdraw again; immerse for baptism; wet, as if by immersing; moisten; appear to move downward

diploma: document certifying the successful completion of a course of study

diplomacy: tact; politics; negotiation between nations

diplomat: one who uses skill and tact in dealing with others, such as an ambassador, who has been appointed to represent a government in its relations with other governments

diplomatic: relating to diplomacy; marked by tact and sensitivity in dealing with others

disable: deprive of capability or effectiveness; unable; impair; diminish

disadvantage: drawback; defect; hinder; unfavorable condition or circumstance

disappointment: feeling of dissatisfaction

disapproval: a feeling of disliking something or what someone is doing

disaster: catastrophe; misfortune

disastrous: extremely bad; terrible; dreadful

disc: flat round plate; circular structure either in plants or animals

discard: throw out something from one's hand; get rid of

discern: detect; perceive

discharge: relieve of a burden or of contents; unload; pour forth or release; complete or carry out; give off

discipline: trait of being well behaved ; act of punishing ; system of rules of conduct or method of practice

disclose: unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view

discomfort: distress; uneasiness; mental or bodily distress

discount: give reduction in price on

discourage: depress; take away hope from

discourse: formal, lengthy discussion of a subject; verbal exchange; conversation

discreet: free from ostentation or pretension; distinct; distinguishable

discrepancy: lack of consistency; difference

discretion: knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress; trait of judging wisely and objectively

discriminate: make a clear distinction; distinguish; make sensible decisions; judge wisely

disdain: view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion

disgrace: state of dishonor; bring shame or dishonor upon

disguise: dress or exterior put on for purposes of concealment or of deception

disgust: strong feelings of dislike; offend the taste or moral sense of

disinclined: not inclined; having a disinclination; being unwilling

disinfectant: substance which kills germs or viruses; agent for removing the causes of infection, as chlorine

dismal: causing gloom or depression; dreary; somber; melancholy

dismay: destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm

dismiss: stop considering; end employment or service of; discharge; refuse to accept or recognize

disorder: neglect of order or system; irregularity; disturbance; sickness

disparity: difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree

dispatch: act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste

dispel: scatter; drive away; cause to vanish

dispense: distribute; prepare and give out; deal out in parts or portions

disperse: move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known

displace: move or shift from the usual place or position, especially to force to leave a homeland

displacement: act of removing from office or employment

display: exhibit; present or hold up to view; show; demonstrate; give evidence of; manifest

dispose: get rid of; settle or decide a matter; place or set in a particular order; arrange

disposed: prepared; inclined; be ready; being particular condition of body or of health

disposition: natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something

dispute: argument; angry altercation; quarrel; verbal controversy; debate

disregard: ignore; discount; take no notice of

dissimilar: different; unlike

dissipate: spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; disperse

dissolve: melt; liquefy; cause to pass into solution; cause to disappear or vanish

distance: space between two objects; length of a line, especially the shortest line joining two points or things that are separate

distant: far in space or time; cold in manner

distinct: definite; separate; different

distinction: excellence or eminence; note or mark of difference

distinctly: clear to the mind; in a distinct way

distinguish: characterize; differentiate; recognize

distinguished: prominent; celebrated, well-known or eminent because of past achievements

distort: twist out of proper or natural relation of parts; misshape; misrepresent

distortion: mistake of misrepresenting the facts

distract: cause to turn away from original focus; pull in conflicting emotional directions; unsettle

distraction: extreme mental or emotional disturbance; obsession; confusion of affairs; being drawn apart

distress: discomfort; cause strain, anxiety, or suffering to

distribute: hand out; disseminate; allocate

distribution: act of distributing or spreading or apportioning

district: region; territory within which the lord has the power of coercing and punishing; division of territory

disturb: upset; bother; trouble emotionally or mentally; put out of order; disarrange

disturbance: disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorder

ditch: trench made in the earth by digging; any long, narrow receptacle for water on the surface of the earth

dive: plunge, especially headfirst, into water; plummet

diver: one who works underwater

diverge: vary; go in different directions from the same point

divergence: difference; deviation; separation; the act of moving away in different direction

diverse: differing in some characteristics; various

diversion: act of turning aside; pastime; activity that relaxes or entertains

diversity: point or respect in which things differ; difference

divert: distract; withdraw money and move into a different location

divide: sever into two or more parts or pieces; separate into parts; cause to be separate

divine: perceive intuitively; foresee future; have nature of or being a deity

division: act or process of diving anything into parts; state of being divided; separation

divorce: end a marriage; legal dissolution of a marriage

dizzy: having or causing a whirling sensation

dock: deprive someone of benefits; remove or shorten the tail of an animal

doctrine: principles presented for belief, as by religious; principle of law; act of teaching; instruction

document: provide written evidence; record in detail

documentary: film or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event; of or derived from documents

documentation: confirmation that some fact or statement is true

dodge: avoid a blow by moving or shifting quickly aside; shifty or ingenious trick

doll: small toy with human figure, normally for little child

domain: field; territory over which rule or control is exercised; networked computers that share a common address

dome: building or house, especially as great hall, church, or temple; anything shaped like cupola

domestic: house-hold; of or relating to the home ; within the country or home

dominant: major; important; outweighing

dominate: monopolize; command; rule; prevail; be prevalent in

donate: grant; present as a gift to a fund or cause; contribute

donation: grant; act of giving to a fund or cause

doom: judgment; judicial sentence; penal decree; condemnation

dormitory: a college or university building for student living; a large bedroom where several people sleep

dose: quantity of medicine given; sufficient quantity; portion

dot: the shorter of two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; very small circular shape

doubt: being in uncertainty as to belief respecting anything

doubtful: distrustful; skeptical; full of doubt; having doubt; not settled in opinion

doubtless: free from fear or suspicion

downtown: commercial center of a town or city

doze: slumber; sleep lightly; be in dull or stupefied condition, as if half asleep; be drowsy

draft: rough outline; draw up an outline; sketch

drag: move or bring by force or with great effort

drain: draw out; flow out; waste

drainage: emptying accomplished by draining; gradual flowing off, as of a liquid

drama: play; literary work intended for theater

dramatic: striking; sensational in appearance or thrilling in effect

dramatize: represent something in a dramatic manner; add details to

drastic: radical; taking effect violently or rapidly

draw: cause to move continuously by force applied in advance of the thing moved; pull along; haul; drag

drawback: disadvantage or inconvenience; shortcoming; refund or remittance, such as a discount on duties or taxes

drawer: boxlike container in a piece of furniture, made so as to slide in and out

drawing: creation of artistic drawings

dread: fearful or distasteful anticipation; terror; horror

dreadful: very unpleasant; distasteful or shocking

dreary: gloomy; dismal; dark, colorless, or cheerless

drench: cause to drink, especially by force; put potion down throat of; steep in moisture; wet thoroughly

drift: float; moving aimlessly; wander

drill: bore; pierce; make a hole; practice; train

drip: process of falling in drops; liquid or moisture that falls in drops; sound made by liquid falling in drops

drought: dry period; aridity; long period of abnormally low rainfall

drown: kill by submerging and suffocating in water; overwhelm in water; deaden one's awareness of

dubious: questionable; filled with doubt

due: owed and payable immediately or on demand; proper and appropriate; fitting

dull: lacking responsiveness or alertness; intellectually weak or obtuse

duly: as it ought to be; properly; regularly

dumb: mute; lacking the power of speech

dump: sell at artificially low prices; throw away as refuse

duplicate: one that corresponds exactly to another, especially an original; identical copy; facsimile

durable: lasting; long-lasting; enduring

duration: length of time something lasts

dwarf: cause to seem small; check natural growth or development of

dwell: live as a resident; exist in a given place or state

dweller: a person who inhabits a particular place

dwelling: residence; place to live in; abode

dye: substance used to color materials

dynamic: energetic; vigorously active

No comments:

Post a Comment

Total Pageviews of this BLOG


Flag Counter

Alexa Traffic