Monday, 27 May 2013

IELTS 4000 Academic Word List (8)

habit: established disposition of the mind or character; distinctive dress, especially of a religious order

haggard: wasted away; showing wearing effects of overwork or suffering

haggle: argue about prices; bargain, as over the price of something

hail: call for; salute; greet; praise vociferously

hairy: bearing or covered with hair; made of or resembling hair; rough with hair

hallmark: sign; feature; mark indicating quality or excellence

halt: stop; stand in doubt; hesitate

ham: meat cut from the thigh of a hog, usually smoked

hamburger: a fried bread of minced beef served on a bun

hamper: put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of

handbook: concise reference book providing specific information

handful: a small number

handicap: disadvantage; physical disability; cripple; hinder; impede

handle: touch; feel with the hand; use or hold with the hand; manage in using; deal with

handsome: skillful; handy; agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance; attractive

handy: convenient; close

hang: suspend; fasten to some elevated point without support from below; hold for support

hanger: one who hangs, or causes to be hanged; loop or strap by which something is hung

haphazard: not thorough, constant or consistent; by chance

harbor: provide a refuge for; hide; give shelter to

harden: become hard or harder

hardware: mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system

hardy: in robust and good health; able to survive under unfavorable conditions

harmful: damaging; noxious; detrimental; dangerous

harmless: unlikely to harm or disturb anyone

harmonious: concordant; accordant; suitable and fitting

harmony: compatibility in opinion and action; an agreeable sound property

harness: stable gear consisting of an arrangement to an animal so that it can be attached to and pull a cart

harsh: rough; coarse; severe; unpleasantly stern

harvest: gather; yield from plants in a single growing season

haste: hurry; rapidity of action or motion

hasten: accelerate; quicken

hasty: easily angered; irritable; made too quickly to be accurate or wise

hatch: breed; emerge from the egg

haughty: high; lofty; bold; arrogant; overbearing

haul: draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift direction

haunt: be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb

hawk: bird of prey typically having short rounded wings and a long tail

hay: grass or other plants, cut and dried for fodder

hazard: danger; risk

heading: course or direction in which a ship or aircraft is moving; title, subtitle, or topic that stands at the top or beginning

headlong: uncontrollably forceful or fast; done with head leading; headfirst

heal: cure; make or get healthy again

heap: crowd or throng; a great number of persons; pile or mass

hearing: opportunity to be heard; capacity to hear; judicial investigation of a suit at law

heave: cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throw

heaven: expanse of space surrounding the earth; sky; place where the sun, moon, and stars appear

hedge: thicket of bushes, usually thorn bushes

hedgehog: small European insectivore, and other allied species of Asia and Africa, having the hair on the upper part of its body mixed with prickles or spines

heed: pay attention to; listen to and consider

heel: back part of the human foot; lower end of a ship's mast

heighten: enhance; hoist; raise or increase the quantity or degree of; intensify

heir: person who inherits some title or office

heiress: woman who is an heir, especially to great wealth

helicopter: aircraft without wings that obtains its lift from the rotation of overhead blades

hell: place of the dead, or of souls after death where sinners suffer eternal punishment; any place of pain and turmoil

helmet: defensive covering for head; hat, made of cork, felt, or metal, worn as uniform of soldiers, firemen

helpful: giving aid; assistant; useful; salutary

helpless: unable to help oneself; powerless or incompetent; powerless; weak

hemisphere: halves; half of a sphere bounded by a great circle

hence: from this place; from this time; from this reason; as an inference or deduction

henceforth: from this time forward; henceforward

herald: proclaim; announces important news; messenger

herb: plant lacking a permanent woody stem, some having medicinal properties

herd: flock; crowd; group of cattle or other domestic animals

hesitant: reluctant, irresolute; tending to wait, or proceed with caution or reservation

hesitate: pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness

hide: prevent from being seen or discovered

hideous: frightful, shocking, or offensive to the eyes; offensive to moral sensibilities; despicable

hijack: stop and rob a vehicle in transit; seize control of by use of force

hike: long walk usually for exercise or pleasure

hinder: put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress

hindrance: something that holds back or causes problems with something else; obstacle

hinge: a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other

hint: allusion; clue; brief or indirect suggestion

hinterland: region; remote and undeveloped area

hiss: prolonged sound like that letter s, made by forcing out the breath between the tongue and teeth

historian: one who is an authority on history

historic: having importance or significance in history; belonging to the past; historical

hitchhike: travel by getting free rides from passing vehicles; be carried along with something else

hitherto: to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now

hoarse: having a harsh, rough, grating voice or sound, as when affected with a cold; making a rough, harsh cry or sound

hobby: auxiliary activity; activity or interest pursued outside one's regular occupation

hoe: weed, cultivate, or dig up with a tool, which has flat blade attached at right angles to a long handle

hoist: raise; lift; elevate

hold: keep from departing; take and maintain control over; stop dealing with

hollow: sound as if echoing in a empty space; void; vain; not solid; having a space or gap or cavity

homely: of home; domestic; familiar; intimate; plain; unpretending; rude in appearance; unpolished

homesick: unhappy at being away and longing for familiar things or persons

hook: a piece of metal, or other hard material, bent into curve or at angle, for catching, holding, or sustaining anything

hop: move by successive leaps, as toads do; spring or jump on one foot

horizon: line at which the sky and Earth appear to meet; range of one's knowledge, experience, or interest

horizontal: flat; level; parallel to or in a base line

horn: one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulates

horrible: exciting, or tending to horror or fear; hideous

horror: terror; fear; intense dislike

hose: a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gas

hospitable: disposed to treat guests with warmth and generosity; receptive

hospitality: act or practice of one who is hospitable; reception and entertainment of strangers or guests without reward

host: great number; person entertaining guests

hostage: prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified terms

hostile: unfriendly; showing the disposition of an enemy

hound: a variety of domestic dog, having large, drooping ears; side bar used to strengthen portions of gear of a vehicle

house: provide living quarters for; lodge; contain; harbor

hover: hang about; wait nearby; remain floating

howl: utter a loud, mournful sound or cry, as dogs and wolves often do; utter a sound expressive of distress; cry aloud and mournfully

hug: crowd together; keep close to; tight or amorous embrace

hull: outer covering of anything, particularly of a nut or of grain; outer skin of a kernel; husk

hum: low, prolonged sound; humming noise; singing with shut mouth

humane: marked by kindness, mercy, or compassion

humanitarian: philanthropic; one devoted to the promotion of human welfare and to social reforms

humanity: kindness; virtue; all of the inhabitants of the earth

humble: low or inferior in station or quality; modest

humid: containing a high amount of water or water vapor

humidity: dampness; moisture

humiliate: cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of

humorous: employing or showing humor; funny; amusing

hunger: strong desire for something; feel the need to eat

hurl: throw with great force; cast; toss

husband: use economically; conserve; save

hush: make silent or quiet; keep from public knowledge; suppress mention of

hustle: bustle; cause to move furtively and hurriedly

hydrogen: a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas

hygiene: cleanliness; sanitation

hymn: song of praise or adoration, especially, a religious ode, a sacred lyric

hypocrisy: act or practice of a hypocrite

hypothesis: assumption; theory

hypothetical: based on assumptions; supposed

hysteria: behavior exhibiting excessive or uncontrollable emotion, such as fear or panic; mental disorder

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