Monday, 27 May 2013

TOEFL Word List 1600 (1)

abandon: lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm

abate: subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity

abbreviation: shortening something by omitting parts of it

abduct: carry off by force; kidnap

abhor: fill with horror and loathing; horrify; hate

abject: being of the most miserable kind; wretched; lacking pride; brought low in condition or status

abolish: cancel; put an end to; destroy completely

abort: stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy

abrupt: broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another

absolve: let off hook; relieve of requirement or obligation

abstain: refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice

abstruse: obscure; profound; difficult to understand.

absurd: preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish

abundant: plentiful; possessing riches or resources

abyss: enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit; any deep, immeasurable space; hell

accessible: easily approached or entered; obtainable; easy to talk to or get along with

acclaim: applaud; announce with great approval

accomplice: partner in crime; associate in wrongdoing

accurate: capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision

accuse: blame; condemn

acid: sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful

acquaint: inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar

acquiesce: assent; agree without protesting

acrid: unpleasantly sharp or bitter to taste or smell; bitterly pungent

actuate: put into motion or action; activate

acute: quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe

adamant: extremely hard; inflexible; stubbornly unyielding

adapt: make fit for; change to suit a new purpose

adept: expert at; very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

adequate: sufficient; enough to meet a purpose

adhere: stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with

adjacent: adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near

admonish: warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided

adorn: enhance or decorate with or as if with ornaments

advent: coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important

adverse: in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

advocate: speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something

affable: easily approachable; warmly friendly

affect: have an emotional or cognitive impact upon

affiliate: associate; incorporate

affinity: natural attraction, liking, or feeling of kinship; relationship by marriage

affliction: cause or condition of pain, suffering, or distress

affluent: having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value

aggravate: worsen; make worse or more troublesome

aggregate: gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to

agile: moving quickly and lightly; mentally quick

agitate: cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb

agrarian: pertaining to land or its cultivation; relating to agricultural or rural matters

ailment: sickness; illness; affliction

akin: of the same kin; related by blood

allegiance: loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion

alleviate: provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part

allocate: assign; distribute according to plan

allot: parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot

allude: refer casually or indirectly, or by suggestion

aloft: in or into a high place; high or higher up

aloof: apart; remote in manner; distant physically or emotionally; reserved and remote

alternative: one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice

amazing: awesome; astounding; surprising

ambiguous: unclear or doubtful in meaning

ambivalence: state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate

ambivalent: mixed; experiencing or expressing opposing or contradictory feelings

amenable: responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable

amiable: good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly

amicable: exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsome

amnesia: partial or total loss of memory, usually resulting from shock or illness

amnesty: general pardon granted by government, especially for political offenses

amphitheater: oval building with tiers of seats from central open space or arena

analogous: comparable; similar or alike

anecdote: short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography

annex: append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unit

annual: occurring or payable every year

anonymous: having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name

antagonism: active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor

antagonist: one who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; opponent

antedate: be earlier in time; go back further

anticipate:  act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict

antique: any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion

anxious: eager; keen; worried; uneasy and apprehensive about an uncertain event or matter

apathy: lack of caring; indifference

apparent: capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye

appealing: attractive; charming

appease: bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve

applaud: acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands

appraise: estimate value of; evaluate, especially in official capacity

apprise: inform; give notice to; make aware

approbation: expression of warm approval; praise

apt: likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand

arable: fit for growing crops, as by plowing

arduous: demanding great effort or labor; difficult

arid: dry; lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or plants

aroma: fragrance; scent; pleasant characteristic odor, as of a plant, spice, or food

arrogant: arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others

articulate: expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

artificial: made by humans; produced rather than natural.

ascertain: find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

assail: assault; attack with or as if with violent blows

assault: attack; onslaught

assert: declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly

assiduous: constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent

assimilate: incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble

astonishing: very wonderful; of a nature to excite astonishment; surprising greatly

astute: wise or keen; shrewd; with sharp intelligence

atone: make amends, as for sin or fault; pay for; turn away from sin

atrocity: brutal deed; atrocious condition, quality, or behavior; monstrousness

attain: achieve or accomplish; gain

attribute: essential quality; reputation; honor

audacious: fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold

auditory: pertaining to sense of hearing

augment: make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

august: impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration

austere: strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented

authentic: not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy

authorize: empower; give permission for; sanction

automaton: mechanism that imitates actions of humans

autonomy: independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination

avalanche: great mass of falling snow and ice

avarice: greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain

aver: declare to be true; affirm

aversion: firm dislike; turning away; avoidance of a thing, situation, or behavior because of dislike

avert: prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away

aviator: someone who operates an aircraft

avid: greedy; eager for; marked by keen interest and enthusiasm

avoid: shield away from; prevent

awkward: difficult to handle or manage

bacchanalian: drunken; relating to reveling and drunkenness

bachelor: unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges

baffle: frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

bald: hairless; lacking a natural or usual covering

balmy: mild and pleasant; fragrant

ban: official prohibition; decree that prohibits something

bankrupt: penniless, without any money; financially ruined

bar: a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick

bare: lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothing

barren: desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

barter: trade goods or services without the exchange of money

bashful: abashed; daunted; very modest, or modest excess; constitutionally disposed to shrink from public notice

bead: small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing

beam: ray of light; long piece of metal or wood; long piece fixed or movable in structure, machine, or tool

bear: support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support

beckon: signal or summon, as by nodding or waving; attract because of inviting or enticing appearance

bellicose: warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having impulse to be combative

belligerent: inclined or eager to fight; aggressive

beneficial: helpful; tending to promote physical well-being

beneficiary: person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will

benefit: advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain

benevolent: generous in providing aid to others; charitable

bequeath: leave to someone by a will; hand down

besiege: surround with armed forces; harass with requests

bestow: give as gift; present

betray: be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly

beverage: liquids for drinking, usually excluding water; refreshment

bias: preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way

bicker: engage in a petty, bad-tempered quarrel

bilateral: two-sided; mutual

biography: an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's life

bland: lacking stimulating or mild; agreeable

blatant: flagrant; conspicuously obvious; loudly offensive

blend: combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture

blizzard: snowstorm; storm

bloom: flower; blossom; best time of youth; period of greatest prosperity or productivity

bluff: pretense of strength; mislead or deceive

blunder: serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

blunt: having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

bold: brave; daring; intrepid; impudent

bolster: support or prop up with or as if with a long narrow pillow or cushion

bond: link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty

boom: bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish

brace: something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

breakthrough: act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction

breathtaking: very surprising or shocking

breed: raise; produce offspring; give birth to or hatch; mate

breeze: light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and effortlessly

brilliant: full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone

brisk: marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner

brittle: easily broken; having little elasticity

broach: introduce; bring up for discussion or debate; announce

brochure: pamphlet; small book usually having paper cover

brutal: like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless

bulky: of large size for its weight

burrow: tunnel; hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter; dig; move through by or as by digging

buttress: support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence

cajole: influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering

calamity: event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction; disaster; misery

calm: freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenity

camouflage: exploit natural surroundings to disguise something; conceal

canvass: determine votes; examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize

capable: having the ability required for a specific task

captivate: charm; enthrall; seize by force, as an enemy in war, or anything belonging to enemy

caricature: representation that is deliberately exaggerated to produce a comic effect

carnage: destruction of life; savage and excessive killing of many people

carve: cut; sculpt

cast: assign the roles of; choose at random

casual: informal; purposeless; occurring by chance

cataclysm: an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; deluge or overflowing of water

catastrophe: calamity; disaster; state of extreme ruin and misfortune

caustic: capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action

cautious: conservative; careful

cavity: hole; cavern; hollow area within the body

celebrated: famous; well-known; having illustrious past

censor: overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content

censure: expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism; blame

census: official examination of the details of a country's population

centennial: of hundredth anniversary; lasting or aged a hundred years

chaos: disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly mass

chasm: deep opening in the earth surface

cherish: harbor; treasure; treat with affection and tenderness; hold dear

chicanery: mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry

chide: scold mildly so as to correct or improve; express disapproval

chilly: cold

chop: hew; cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an ax

chubby: of a person, slightly overweight, somewhat fat and hence soft; rounded and plump

cite: quote; adduce as an instance

clandestine: secret; conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

clash: make noise by striking against something; dash noisily together; meet in opposition

classify: declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories

cliche: obvious remark; overused expression or idea

cling: hold fast or adhere to something; stick together and resist separation; remain emotionally

clumsy: awkward; showing lack of skill or aptitude

coalescence: union of diverse things into one body or form or group; growing together of parts

coalition: partnership; league; state of being combined into one body

coax: persuade or try to persuade by pleading or flattery; move to or adjust toward a desired end

coherent: adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner

coin: make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricate

collaborate: work together, especially in a joint intellectual effort

colossal: of extraordinary size; huge; gigantic

commence: have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begin

commerce: trade; business; intellectual exchange or social interaction

commitment: pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

commodity: goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit.

compact: closely and firmly united or packed together; briefly giving gist of something

compel: force; coerce; necessitate or pressure by force

competent: capable; adept

compile: put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

complement: complete; consummate; make perfect

compliment: praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praise

comply: yield assent; accord; agree, or acquiesce; adapt one's self; fulfill; accomplish

component: element; ingredient; abstract part of something

comprehensible: understandable; readily comprehended or understood; intelligible

comprehensive: thorough; including all or everything; broad in scope

comprise: include; consist of; be composed of

compulsory: mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

concede: admit; yield; give up physical control of another

concerted: planned or accomplished together; combined

concise: brief and compact; expressing much in few words

concoct: digest; convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition.

concord: agreement of opinions; harmonious state of things

concrete: solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate , and gravel

concurrent: simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same time

condemn: blame; denounce; express strong disapproval of

confer: bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

confidential: treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret

configuration: arrangement of parts or elements; outline

confiscate: seize as forfeited to the public treasury; appropriate to the public use

conflict: fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events

conform: comply with; follow; fit; meet

congenial: compatible

congestion: act of gathering or heaping together or forming a mass

conglomerate: corporation made up of different companies in diversified fields; composing of heterogeneous elements gathered into a mass

congregate: assemble; convene; gather

conjecture: believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

consecutive: following one after another without interruption; sequential

consistent: being in agreement with itself; coherent; regular

conspicuous: noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

contaminate: make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile

contemplate: look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

contempt: state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of

contention: competing as for profit or prize

contrive: form by an exercise of ingenuity; devise; invent; design

controversial: controvertible; disputable

controversy: contentious speech act; argument

convenient: suited or favorable to one's comfort, purpose, or needs:; near; accessible

convey: carry from one place to another; bear or transport

conviction: judgment that someone is guilty of crime; strongly held belief

copious: plentiful; containing plenty; affording ample supply

cordial: gracious; showing warm and friendliness

corporeal: bodily; of a material nature; tangible

corpulent: very fat; large in body; overweight

corroborate: establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence

courteous: exhibiting courtesy and politeness; showing regard or thought for others

covert: secretive, not openly shown

cozy: comfortable; relaxing

crave: ask with earnestness or importunity; ask with submission or humility; beg

crease: line made by pressing, folding, or wrinkling

crooked: having or marked by bends or angles; not straight or aligned; curved

crouch: bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey, or in fear

crucial: of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance

crude: being in an unrefined or natural state; raw; lacking tact or taste; blunt or offensive

cryptic: having hidden meaning; mystifying; using code or cipher

cultivate: improve and prepare, as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; promote the growth of

cumbersome: heavy; difficult to handle because of weight or bulk

cumulative: increasing by successive addition

curb: bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

curious: difficult to please or satisfy; careful or anxious to learn; eager for knowledge; given to research or inquiry

curt: having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner

curtail: cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part

damp: humid; moist; slightly wet

dangle: hang loosely, or with a swinging or jerking motion; swing, as something suspended loosely

daring: bold; brave

daunt: frighten; abate the courage of; discourage

dazzling: bright; brilliant

decadent: self-indulgent; moral decay

decay: decompose; break sown; disintegration; rottenness; decline; worsen; decadence

deceit: attempt or disposition to deceive or lead into error; any declaration, artifice, or practice, which misleads another, or causes him to believe what is false

deception: act of deceiving

decipher: convert code into ordinary language; read with difficulty

declare: state clearly; make known formally or officially

declivity: downward slope, as of a hill

decompose: decay

decorate: adorn; embellish

dedicate: set apart; devoted; consecrated

deem: decide; judge; sentence; condemn

defame: harm someone's reputation; degrade; bring into disrepute; make infamous

defect: abandon or turn against; cease or change one's loyalty

defective: having a defect; faulty; imperfect; incomplete; lacking

defer: delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time

deficient: inadequate; lacking an essential quality or element

definitive: final; complete; precisely defined or explicit

defraud: deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device

degenerate: become worse; decline; fall

dehydrate: remove water from; dry out; lose water or bodily fluids

deity: god; divinity; supernatural things

dejected: being in low spirits; depressed

deliberate: consider; think about carefully; weigh

delicate: pleasing to the senses, especially in a subtle way; easily hurt; very subtle in difference

deluge: great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water

delusion: false belief; mistaken or unfounded opinion

demise: end of existence or activity; termination

demolish: raze; destroy; do away with completely; put an end to

denote: indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

denounce: condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner

dense: thick; crowded closely together; compact

depress: lower in spirits; press down

deprive: deny; take away

derelict: left and abandoned; negligent in performing a duty

deride: ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt

descry: catch sight of; discover by careful observation or scrutiny

desecrate: violate with violence, especially to sacred place

deserted: remote from civilization; left desolate or empty; abandoned

desiccate: dry up thoroughly; make dry, dull, or lifeless; preserve foods by removing the moisture

desist: cease to proceed or act; stop; forbear

desolate: unpopulated; providing no shelter or sustenance; devoid of inhabitants

desultory: aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with subject

detect: feel; discover the presence of; identify

deteriorate: become worse; decline

detrimental: causing damage or harm; injurious

deviate: turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge

device: technique or means; instrument; machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasks

devise: form, plan, or arrange in the mind; transmit or give by will

devoid: completely lacking; barren or empty

dexterous: skillful in the use of the hands; having mental skill

digress: turn aside, especially from main subject in writing or speaking

diligent: assiduous; industrious; hard-working

dilute: weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

dim: emitting only a small amount of light; lacking in brightness

dimension: measure of spatial extent, especially width, height, or length; size; aspect; element

dingy: darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored

dip: insert into a fluid and withdraw again; immerse for baptism; wet, as if by immersing; moisten; appear to move downward

discard: throw out something from one's hand; get rid of

discern: detect; perceive

discipline: trait of being well behaved ; act of punishing ; system of rules of conduct or method of practice

disclose: unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view

discord: conflict; lack of agreement among persons, groups, or things

discrepancy: lack of consistency; difference

disdain: view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion

dismal: causing gloom or depression; dreary; somber; melancholy

dismay: destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm

disparity: difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree

disperse: move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known

disposition: natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something

dispute: argument; angry altercation; quarrel; verbal controversy; debate

disseminate: distribute; spread; scatter like seeds

dissolve: melt; liquefy; cause to pass into solution; cause to disappear or vanish

distinct: definite; separate; different

distinguished: prominent; celebrated, well-known or eminent because of past achievements

distract: cause to turn away from original focus; pull in conflicting emotional directions; unsettle

diverge: vary; go in different directions from the same point

divulge: reveal; make known to public

docile: obedient; ready and willing to be taught; easily managed or handled

dodge: avoid a blow by moving or shifting quickly aside; shifty or ingenious trick

dogged: determined; stubbornly persevering; unyielding

doleful: sorrowful; filled with or expressing grief; mournful

dominate: monopolize; command; rule; prevail; be prevalent in

donate: grant; present as a gift to a fund or cause; contribute

dot: the shorter of two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; very small circular shape

doze: slumber; sleep lightly; be in dull or stupefied condition, as if half asleep; be drowsy

drain: draw out; flow out; waste

drastic: radical; taking effect violently or rapidly

drawback: disadvantage or inconvenience; shortcoming; refund or remittance, such as a discount on duties or taxes

dreary: gloomy; dismal; dark, colorless, or cheerless

drench: cause to drink, especially by force; put potion down throat of; steep in moisture; wet thoroughly

drip: process of falling in drops; liquid or moisture that falls in drops; sound made by liquid falling in drops

drought: dry period; aridity; long period of abnormally low rainfall

drowsy: dull with sleepiness; showing lack of attention

dubious: questionable; filled with doubt

dull: lacking responsiveness or alertness; intellectually weak or obtuse

dumbfound: fill with astonishment and perplexity; confound

dunce: backward in book learning; child or other person dull or weak in intellect; dullard or dolt

durable: lasting; long-lasting; enduring

dwell: live as a resident; exist in a given place or state

dwelling: residence; place to live in; abode

dwindle: shrink; reduce in size; become less

dynamic: energetic; vigorously active

eclipse: darken; exceed in importance; outweigh

ecology: science of the relationships between organisms and their environments

edible: eatable; substance that can be used as food

edifice: building, especially one of imposing appearance or size; a structure that has a roof and walls

eerie: suggestive of the supernatural; mysterious

efface: rub or wipe out; make indistinct as if by rubbing

elaborate: marked by complexity and richness of detail; done with care and in minute detail

elasticity: tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed

elderly: somewhat old; advanced beyond middle age

elegant: refined and tasteful in appearance or behavior or style

elevate: raise; give a promotion to or assign to a higher position

elicit: draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer

eligible: qualified; desirable and worthy of choice, especially for marriage

elucidate: make clear or plain, especially by explanation; clarify

elude: avoid cleverly; escape perception of

emanate: come or send forth from a source, used chiefly of intangible thing, as light

emancipate: free from bondage, oppression, or restraint; liberate

embed: enclose; place in something; fix firmly in surrounding mass

emblem: symbol; sign; distinctive badge, design, or device

emboss: mold or carve in relief; decorate with or as if with a raised design

eminent: standing out above other things; high in rank, office, or worth

emit: give off; send out; give out as sound

emulate: be a match or counterpart for; eager to equal or excel

enamored: totally in love; marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness

enchant: charm by sorcery; get control of by magical words and rites

enchanting: having the power to enchant; charming

encomium: high praise; formal expression of praise; tribute

encounter: face; confront; meet, especially unexpectedly; come upon

endeavor: attempt by employing effort

endorse: acknowledge by signing a bill, draft, or other instrument

engender: cause; bring into existence; give rise to

enhance: make better or more attractive; increase; improve

enigma: puzzle; difficult problem

enlist: enter on a list; enroll; register; engage for military or naval service

enmity: ill will; hatred; quality or state of being hostile

ennui: feeling of being bored by something tedious

ensue: pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence

enthrall: capture; attract and hold by charm, beauty, or excellence; hold in bondage or subjection

entice: attract by arousing hope or desire

enumerate: list each one; mention one by one

enunciate: speak distinctly; state or set forth precisely or systematically; pronounce; articulate

envisage: look in the face of; apprehend; consider or regard in a certain way

ephemeral: short-lived; enduring a very short time

epitaph: inscription on tombstone in memory

epithet: word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing

equitable: marked by or having equity; just and impartial

equivocal: open to two or more interpretations and often intended to mislead

eradicate: completely destroy; eliminate; exterminate

erect: construct; stand; set up

escalate: rise; increase in extent or intensity

eschew: avoid; refuse to use or participate in; stand aloof from

espouse: take in marriage; marry; give one's loyalty or support to; adopt

essay: effort made for performance of anything; short literary composition on a single subject

essential: necessary; critical; vital; constituting or being part of the essence of something

estate: extensive landed property; everything you own; all of your assets

esteem: regard with respect; favorable regard

eulogy: expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death

evacuate: make empty; empty out; remove contents of

evade: get away from by artifice; avoid by dexterity; escape from cleverly

evanescent: fleeting; vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor

evenhanded: impartial; fair; rightly balanced; equitable

evolve: develop; grow

exacerbate: increase severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate

exacting: making severe demands; rigorous; requiring great care, effort, or attention

exalt: raise in rank or dignity; praise

excavate: unearth; dig out; make a hole in; hollow out

exceed: go beyond; be or do something to a greater degree

excerpt: passage or segment taken from a longer work, such as literary or musical composition

excursion: trip; usually short journey made for pleasure

execute: put into effect; carry out the legalities of

exhaustive: treating all parts or aspects without omission; comprehensive

exhilarating: invigorating and refreshing; cheering; making lively and joyful

exhortation: act of practice of exhorting; act of inciting to laudable deeds; incitement to that which is good; language intended to incite and encourage

expendable: not essential or mandatory in order to achieve a goal; not reusable; Suitable to be expended

expire: come to an end; terminate; lose validity; breathe one's last breath; die

explicit: precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken

exploit: make use of, sometimes unjustly

explore: investigate systematically; examine; search

expose: set forth; set out to public view

expunge: cancel; remove; erase or strike out

extensive: widespread; far-reaching; wide

extol: praise highly; glorify; celebrate

extract: draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; remove; get despite difficulties or obstacles

extraneous: not essential; coming from outside

extravagant: wandering beyond one's bounds; exceeding due bounds; wild; excessive; unrestrained

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